HomeDiabetic Foot ResourcesGuide to Diabetic Foot Treatment and Management

Guide to Diabetic Foot Treatment and Management


Diabetes symptoms can help those at risk of the disease determine if they have to go to the medical doctor and get screened for diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when a personnel’s body either doesn’t create sufficient insulin or doesn’t react accurately to the insulin it produces.

Insulin is a hormone that helps the body break down sugar. If the body can’t process or manufacture insulin precisely, it can harm other body parts and organs.

Untreated diabetes can cause vision problems, kidney problems, heart problems, and skin problems. Some people are predisposed to diabetes because it runs in their families.

Others develop diabetes after a traumatic event or a lifestyle adjustment. There are plenty of people who live doing well lives as people with diabetes. A physician can identify you with diabetes, but various symptoms could indicate you contain diabetes.

Symptoms To Look For

Diabetes symptoms include blurry vision, increased fatigue, unusual weight loss, irritability, extreme hunger, excessive thirst, and frequent urination. Regularly period, people ignore these symptoms because they seem so harmless.

Keep in mind that various diabetes symptoms are also symptoms of other ailments. In other words, don’t assume you have diabetes because you’re hungry and tired.

If you have several of these diabetes symptoms, keep an eye on them, and if they persist, go to your doctor. Even if you don’t have diabetes, it’s always a good inspiration to verify out diabetes symptoms that keep hanging on.

Diabetic Foot Pain

Treatment for diabetic foot pain, whether resulting from nerves that are affected by diabetic peripheral neuropathy or blood circulation problems, requires the right diagnosis.

This is best done in consultation with a doctor or diabetes foot pain specialist. Alongside that, sufferers of diabetes and foot pain can support any prescribed medications and treatments with some alternative natural remedies, some of which are suggested here.

Foot pain is a very common problem for people who have diabetes. Foot complaints are the number one cause of hospitalization in people who have diabetes, and it stems from four basic diabetic conditions.

Peripheral Neuropathy: Cause and treatment

The first is a nerve-related problem where foot pain arises due to nerves directly affected by diabetes itself, called ‘Peripheral Neuropathy.’

This leads to the feet becoming very sensitive to any touch, otherwise known as sensory neuropathy, which normally wouldn’t be a matter of concern to anyone without this condition. It might be a slight touch as the bedsheet wafting over the skin at night or putting on a pair of shoes before going out.

It often presents as a kind of numbness that is nevertheless very painful, and at other times it can be experienced as a very uncomfortable burning, prickly or tingling sensation or sharp, shooting pains. Consistently high blood sugar levels increase the likelihood of getting this kind of pain.

Quick remedies might include gentle foot massage with a specially tailored diabetic, homeopathic or herbal foot cream and applying the energy technique of EFT.

Other natural relief remedies include using cushioned or magnetic inserts in regular footwear to relieve the pressure or pain when walking, wearing soft slip-on shoes, or walking in open-toe sandals. Longer-term remedies might include dietary supplements such as taking vitamin B or prescribed medication.

Weakened muscles

Diabetes can also affect the nerves connected to the muscles, causing them to weaken, and this results in corresponding aches and pains, most often in the thigh area or the feet muscles. It becomes difficult to lift the foot and can also walk with a slight limp to compensate for this ‘foot drop’ condition.

Unfortunately, this can have the effect of further pain arising in the feet due to stiffness and inflammation, blisters, corns, and callouses that develop from the adapted way of moving around.

Stiff joints and tendons

A third condition giving rise to pain in the feet is muscle, tendon, and joint problems. The tendons are connected to the joints, and if they lose their supple flexion by becoming stiff, this will directly affect the joints, which will usually lead to walking imbalances.

As previously mentioned, the result will be local problems in the foot such as bunions, calluses, bone spurs, and ulceration.

The treatment for these ‘knock on’ effects consists of corrective or supportive footwear, such as biomechanical shoes and special insoles, aimed at resetting the imbalances, tailored foot exercises, and some recommended massage.

It is a rather unpleasant but necessary remedy, keeping the feet moving to reduce inflammation and stiffness, but without it, the painful problem could worsen without it.

Circulatory problems and suggested treatments

Another cause of diabetic foot pain is related to the body’s circulation, which doesn’t flow well into the feet. When the circulation is cut off or blocked, then pain automatically follows.

Veins can become painfully swollen, and ulcers can develop. Known as peripheral vascular disease, cramps in the calves are also a common symptom, and healing from an injury to the foot is seriously compromised.

In this case, remedies might include wearing support stockings, massage to improve circulation, exercise, prescription medication, and regular checking for cracks and injuries to the skin so that treatment can be applied before any infection sets in.

Regularly moisturizing the feet and legs area can help minimize cracks and avoid walking barefoot.

Diabetes and foot infections: Causes and remedies

This is the fourth consideration, that diabetes leads to an increased risk of developing foot infections through open ulcerous wounds and injuries.

With diabetes, there is generally a decreased resistance to infection. In this case, the area can become very red, painful and swollen, and tender to the touch. It may be confined to the skin area, called cellulitis, or can also spread to the bone, in which case it is called osteomyelitis and, if left untreated, can lead to gangrene.

Fungal infections often attack the toenails, leading them to grow inwards and thicken or become powdery.

Remedies include boosting the immune system with supplements and alternative techniques such as meditation and laughter yoga, good blood sugar control, and massaging the foot with herbal or natural treatments such as tea tree oil, sesame oil, liquid colloidal silver, virgin olive oil, or manuka honey and in cases of infection, prescribed antibiotics.

Next Read: Home remedies for diabetic pain


Of course, it is always a good idea to have regular checkups with a doctor or health professional since about 15% of all people with diabetes will develop a serious foot complaint at some time or other in their diabetic career, which can sometimes lead to amputation of the foot or even the leg (as happened to my father).

It is best to regard the remedies suggested here as supportive measures you can take alongside conventional treatments rather than as being sufficient by themselves.

Dr Christine Nolan is the CEO and founder of Footdiagnosis.com. She also has extensive clinical experience and is therefore uniquely qualified to detect and manage diseases of the lower extremities including those related to peripheral arterial disease and diabetes.


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