Anterior knee pain is a joint pain that affects the centre and front of the human knee. It is one of the most common and prevalent forms of joint pains that are experienced by many athletes and non-athletes as well.
It is very common among people suffering from obesity, sportsmen, teenagers, cyclists, and those folks who have suffered from a fracture or dislocation.
Causes Anterior Knee Pain
Anterior knee pain is one of the most common forms of joint pains that are bedevilling many people in our day and time. Just as its victims cut across a wide scope of patients, its causes also are also wide-spectrum in approach. Some of the top causes of anterior joint pain are listed below as follows:
- Bursitis: This is one of the leading causes of this kind of joint pain. This is caused when the bursa (a sac of fluid that is resident in your joints’ overlying skin) is overused, exposed to continuous kneeling/bending. Additionally, a fall that affects the knee cap that underlies the bursa can cause an irritation of the patella or the kneecap. This type of knee cap is called the “preacher’s or the housemaid’s” knee because it results from protracted kneeling.
- Knee cap dislocation: This is another common condition blamed for the cause of anterior knee pain. This occurs when the knee cap has slid out of its proper position leading to swelling and pain.
- Patellar tendinitis: This is caused when the tendons that surround the knee are inflamed. The inflammation can be due to several factors and one of them is the overuse of the knee.
- Loose cartilage: Quite often, an injured knee can lead to the breaking of loose cartilage. The broken pieces of such cartilages can stick in the knee joint and make it frozen. The result of the freezing is inflammation and severe joint pains.
- Patello-femoral pain syndrome: This condition is brought about by several disorders. Some of them are misaligned in the legs, tightness in the legs, and extreme cases of muscle imbalance. This syndrome is very much common amongst teenagers, especially girls.
This is how to Prevent Anterior Knee Pain
However, despite all the above causes and the pangs that result from anterior knee pain, we have a ray of hope at the end of the tunnel. This is because this condition can be prevented, let alone being treated and managed. This means that you no longer have to freeze in fear of anterior knee joint pain. Below are some of the proven ways of preventing this form of knee pain.
- Hold: The first preventive measure that you need to take before the anterior joint pain starts taking a toll on your knees is to stop and put on hold all forms of heavy exercising if you start feeling pain.
- Stretch: Make sure that you stretch your legs prior to and following a heavy and demanding physical activity.
- Kneepads: Use them to guard your bursitis if told you to engage in activities that demand you to knee quite often and for longer.
- Stretch regularly: This is another effective preventive measure that you can employ to ward off the anterior knee pain. This means that you need to keep your thigh muscles vibrant and energetic through frequent stretching.
- Fitting shoes: Ensure that you put on shoes that support and fit your feet properly.
What are the Symptoms of anterior Knee Pain?
Anterior knee pain symptoms are varied and they range from mild to acute. These pains are experienced in the following areas of the knee: the sides of the knee; below the knee cap; and behind the kneecap respectively.
One of the most experienced anterior knee symptoms is the grinding feeling that occurs when one flexes their knee. This symptom is common when one is running down a slope, getting down the staircase, bending the knee deeply, and when they stand up following a long session of sitting down.
How is Anterior Knee Pain Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of this knee condition is simple when it is properly handled by competent medical personnel. There are simple tests that a medical practitioner will perform on your knee and some of them are listed below as follows:
- X-rays are very common in detecting the presence of anterior knee pain. This is done with the help of a specialized x-ray view of the kneecap
- Under some circumstances, as the doctor may deem fit, an MRI scanning can also be employed to diagnose anterior knee pain
- Another means of diagnosis is that a doctor may simply recommend that you squat your legs so that they can check and establish the stability if your knee core and any form of imbalances in its muscles
What is the Recommended Treatment of Anterior Knee Pain?
The good news is that the treatment of anterior knee pain is very much within the reach of many patients. There are several ways of treating these conditions and some of the most effective and common ones are listed below as follows:
- Medications: There are many effective Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs. Some of these drugs include naproxen and aspirin
- Nonmedication approaches: These include weight loss; wearing the correct sports shoes; change in one’s way of exercise; and the use of special shoe inserts for those patients with flat feet
- Surgery: This is the last resort in rare conditions such as the damage of the kneecap that requires removal